Machine Protection and Operation for LHC

J. Wenninger

Abstract


Since 2010 the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the accelerator with the highest stored energy per beam, with a record of 140 MJ at a beam energy of 4 TeV,
almost a factor of 50 higher than other accelerators. With such a high stored energy, machine protection aspects set the boundary conditions for operation
during all phases of the machine cycle. Only the low-intensity commissioning beams can be considered as relatively safe. This document discusses the
interplay of machine operation and machine protection at the LHC, from commissioning to regular operation.

Keywords


Operation; machine protection; beam loss; LHC.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5170/CERN-2016-002.377

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