Beam Cleaning and Collimation Systems

S. Redaelli


Collimation systems in particle accelerators are designed to dispose of unavoidable losses safely and efficiently during beam operation. Different roles
are required for different types of accelerator. The present state of the art in beam collimation is exemplified in high-intensity, high-energy  superconducting hadron colliders, like the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC), where stored beam energies reach levels up to several orders of magnitude higher than the tiny energies required to quench cold magnets. Collimation systems are essential systems for the daily operation of these modern machines. In this document, the design of a multistage collimation system is reviewed, taking the LHC as an example case study. In this case, unprecedented cleaning performance has been achieved, together with a system complexity comparable to no other accelerator. Aspects related to collimator design and operational challenges of large collimation systems are also addressed.


Beam collimation; multi-stage cleaning; beam losses; circular colliders; Large Hadron Collider.

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